Intellectual disability (formerly Cognitive Disability/CD), effective July 1, 2014 is a term used when a person has certain limitations in mental functioning and in skills such as communicating, taking care of him or herself, and social skills. These limitations will cause a child to learn and develop more slowly than a typical child.
Intellectual disabilities are diagnosed by looking at two main things:
- the ability of a person’s brain to learn, think, solve problems, and make sense of the world (called IQ or intellectual functioning).
- whether the person has the skills he or she needs to live independently (called adaptive behavior, or adaptive functioning).
Intellectual functioning, or IQ, is usually measured by a test called an IQ test. The average score is 100. People scoring below 70 to 75 are thought to have an intellectual disability. To measure adaptive behavior, professionals look at what a child can do in comparison to other children of his or her age.
To identify an intellectual disability, professionals look at the person’s mental abilities (IQ) and his or her adaptive skills.
The program is a cooperative effort to service Ohio's schools with programs located in Mahoning County
An Individualized Education Program (IEP) is developed based on the needs of the student to serve as a pathway for instruction.
The class size does not exceed twelve students during an instructional period. The teacher is a licensed intervention specialist in the state of Ohio
The curriculum is based on the Ohio Common Core Standards